Nigeria Trademark Registration for Clients From Around the Globe

Build a powerful brand with the ® symbol and Make it easier to sue those who steal your mark. We offer flat fee Nigeria trademark search, application and registration services to clients from all over.

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A trademark is a company’s persona and identity in the marketplace.

Every aspect of a company’s business or product or service is a mark of its identity, which deserves protection, whether it is registered or not. Do not assume you own the mark until you have successfully registered it. This is so even when the violator is a powerful company or even a Government or its agency. 

SplashDict can help you register your trademark - a name, logo, slogan, shape, colour or label with the Commercial Law department, Ministry of Trade and Investment in Nigeria.

You can register your trade mark to protect your brand, for example the name of your product or service. When you register your trade mark, you’ll be able to:

  • Take legal action against anyone who uses your brand without your permission, including counterfeiters.
  • Put the ® symbol next to your brand - to show that it’s yours and warn others against using it.
  • Sell and license your brand.

What is a trademark?

A trademark can be any word, phrase, symbol, design, or a combination of these things that identifies your goods or services. It’s how customers recognize you in the marketplace and distinguish you from your competitors.

You can legally prevent others from using the same or a similar trademark for related goods or services without your permission.

A trademark:

  • Identifies the source of your goods or services.
  • Provides legal protection for your brand.
  • Helps you guard against counterfeiting and fraud.

What will NOT protect your trademark;

Using the trademark symbol ®

Every time you use your trademark, you can use a symbol with it. The symbol lets consumers and competitors know you’re claiming the trademark as yours. Once you register your trademark with us, use an ® with the trademark.

Who can register a Trademark?

Nigerians, foreigners, companies, partnerships, associations or societies can register a trademark.

In general, any individual, organization, governmental or business entity, including non-profit organizations, using (and in some jurisdictions, proposing to use) a trademark to identify its goods or services is entitled to register a trademark.

What can be registered as a Trademark?

Any device, brand, heading, label, ticket, name, signature, word, letter, colour marks, numeral, or any combination thereof may be registered as a trademark.  Three dimensional marks are also eligible for trade mark protection.

  • A name like Nike, MTN, 7Up.
  • A logo like the Apple logo, the Shell logo.
  • A slogan like "Just do it", "E Choke".

What cannot be registered as a Trademark?

Deceptive or scandalous marks or designs or marks that are likely to cause confusion are not eligible for trademark protection. Names of chemical substances and geographical names in their ordinary signification are also ineligible for trademark protection.

What is the Trademark Registration process in Nigeria?

After the application is made, the applicant is provided with an acknowledgment immediately. Once the application is successful, the Trademark Registry will issue an Acceptance Letter. The Acceptance Letter is evidence of acceptance and registration and this is accepted by other organisations who request it to process other registration e.g. NAFDAC.

However, there is a period during which members of the public can object to a registration. This is when the Trademark is published in the Trademark Journal, if a published Trademark is not objected to within the specified time frame, the applicant will be able to apply for a Certificate. The grant of the Certificate is the final stage of the process.

How long on average does Trademark Registration take?

It usually takes between 12–18 months to register a trademark in Nigeria where there are no oppositions. So, you should begin registration immediately. Here is a breakdown of the timeframe;

  • Acknowledgment letter: 24 hours from submission
  • Acceptance Letter: 4-6 weeks from submission
  • Publication in Trademark Journal: 32 weeks from Acceptance Letter stage
  • Grant of Certificate: 12 weeks from publication

What information do you need in order to register my Trademark? 

After payment is made, you will be redirected to a page where you'll upload a scan of the logo, the name of the brand/trademark you intend to protect, and information about the line of business or type of service provided. We'll use this information to process your request.

What territories can be covered by a trademark in your jurisdiction?

Trademarks registration and protection is territorial; A trade mark registered in Nigeria is limited to Nigeria.

Why Your Trademark Application will be rejected;

The absolute grounds for refusal of Trademark Registration in Nigeria are as follows:

  • Where the trade mark is bereft of distinctive character.
  • Where a trade mark is contrary to law, or is immoral, deceptive or scandalous.
  • Where a trade mark is likely to deceive or cause confusion.
  • Where a trade mark contains names of chemical substances, use of the Coat of Arms of Nigeria, the National Flag of Nigeria, use of any emblem or title such as President or Governor without appropriate authorisation.
  • Where the trade mark contains words such as “patent”, “Patented”, Registered”, “Registered Design”, or “Copyright”.
  • Where the trade mark contains words such as “Red Cross” or “Geneva Cross” and representations of the Geneva and other crosses in red or of the Swiss Federal Cross in white on a red ground or in a silver tone on a red ground or such representations in a similar colour or colours.


The relative grounds for refusal of Trademark Registration in Nigeria are as follows:

  • A trade mark application is filed by a person other than the actual owner.
  • A trade mark is sought to be registered in bad faith.
  • The trade mark sought to be registered was fraudulently obtained.
  • The trade mark sought to be registered is identical or confusingly similar to an already registered trade mark.

What happens when a Trademark is granted Registration?

Registration of a trademark takes effect from the date the application for the registration of the trademark was filed.

When a Trademark Registration is granted, a certificate of registration bearing the Registered trademark number is issued.  A trademark registration grants the trademark owner rights to institute an action at the Federal High Court for infringement of the trademark, the right to the exclusive use of the registered trademark and right to stop a third party from using a similar or identical trademark in the course of commerce or business.

Registration of a trade mark is effective for an initial term of (seven) 7 years from the date of filing.  Thereafter, the trade mark is renewed perpetually every (fourteen) 14 years.

The trademark registration is classified into 45 different classes of goods and services in accordance with the Nice international system of classification. It is important for every applicant to understand the classes the registering trademark belongs to or closely align with.

However, a trademark may be registered in more than one class where the applicant is seeking protection in both classes. And where applicant seeking protection in multiple classes, separate filing fees must be paid for each of the classes. The 45 trademark classes in Nigeria are listed below:

Class 1: Chemicals used in industry, science and photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry; unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; manures; fire extinguishing compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs; tanning substances; adhesives used in industry; unprocessed plastics in the form of liquids, chips or granules.
Class 2: Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colorants; mordants; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for painters, decorators, printers and artists.
Class 3: Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions; dentifrices.
Class 4: Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels and illuminants; candles and wicks for lighting; combustible fuels, electricity and scented candles.
Class 5: Pharmaceutical and veterinary preparations; sanitary preparations for medical purposes; dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or veterinary use, food for babies; dietary supplements for humans and animals; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides.
Class 6: Common metals and their alloys; metal building materials; transportable buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway tracks; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; safes; goods of common metal not included in other classes; ores; unwrought and partly wrought common metals; metallic windows and doors; metallic framed conservatories.
Class 7: Machines and machine tools; motors and engines (except for land vehicles); machine coupling and transmission components (except for land vehicles); agricultural implements other than hand-operated; incubators for eggs; automatic vending machines.
Class 8: Hand tools and hand operated implements; cutlery; side arms; razors; electric razors and hair cutters.
Class 9: Scientific, nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; compact discs, DVDs and other digital recording media; mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment, computers; computer software; fire-extinguishing apparatus.
Class 10: Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopaedic articles; suture materials; sex aids; massage apparatus; supportive bandages; furniture adapted for medical use.
Class 11: Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes; air conditioning apparatus; electric kettles; gas and electric cookers; vehicle lights and vehicle air conditioning units.
Class 12: Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water; wheelchairs; motors and engines for land vehicles; vehicle body parts and transmissions.
Class 13: Firearms; ammunition and projectiles, explosives; fireworks.
Class 14: Precious metals and their alloys; jewellery, costume jewellery, precious stones; horological and chronometric instruments, clocks and watches.
Class 15: Musical instruments; stands and cases adapted for musical instruments.
Class 16: Paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; artists’ materials; paint brushes; typewriters and office requisites (except furniture); instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic materials for packaging (not included in other classes); printers’ type; printing blocks.
Class 17: Rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and goods made from these materials; plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; semi-finished plastics materials for use in further manufacture; stopping and insulating materials; flexible non-metallic pipes.
Class 18: Leather and imitations of leather; animal skins, hides; trunks and travelling bags; handbags, rucksacks, purses; umbrellas, parasols and walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery; clothing for animals.
Class 19: Non-metallic building materials; non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; non-metallic monuments; non-metallic framed conservatories, doors and windows.
Class 20: Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; articles made of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum or plastic which are not included in other classes; garden furniture; pillows and cushions.
Class 21: Household or kitchen utensils and containers; combs and sponges; brushes; brush-making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; steel wool; articles made of ceramics, glass, porcelain or earthenware which are not included in other classes; electric and non-electric toothbrushes.
Class 22: Ropes, string, nets, tents, awnings, tarpaulins, sails, sacks for transporting bulk materials; padding and stuffing materials which are not made of rubber or plastics; raw fibrous textile materials.
Class 23: Yarns and threads, for textile use.
Class 24: Textiles and textile goods; bed and table covers; travellers’ rugs, textiles for making articles of clothing; duvets; covers for pillows, cushions or duvets.
Class 25: Clothing, footwear, headgear.
Class 26: Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers.
Class 27: Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings (non-textile); wallpaper.
Class 28: Games and playthings; playing cards; gymnastic and sporting articles; decorations for Christmas trees; childrens’ toy bicycles.
Class 29: Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, compotes; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats; prepared meals; soups and potato crisps.
Class 30: Coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, sago, artificial coffee; flour and preparations made from cereals, bread, pastry and confectionery, ices; honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt, mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice; sandwiches; prepared meals; pizzas, pies and pasta dishes.
Class 31: Agricultural, horticultural and forestry products; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables, seeds, natural plants and flowers; foodstuffs for animals; malt; food and beverages for animals.
Class 32: Beers; mineral and aerated waters; non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups for making beverages; shandy, de-alcoholised drinks, non-alcoholic beers and wines.
Class 33: Alcoholic wines; spirits and liqueurs; alcopops; alcoholic cocktails.
Class 34: Tobacco; smokers’ articles; matches; lighters for smokers.
Class 35: Advertising; business management; business administration; office functions; electronic data storage; organisation, operation and supervision of loyalty and incentive schemes; advertising services provided via the Internet; production of television and radio advertisements; accountancy; auctioneering; trade fairs; opinion polling; data processing; provision of business information; retail services connected with the sale of goods.
Class 36: Insurance; financial services; real estate agency services; building society services; banking; stockbroking; financial services provided via the Internet; issuing of tokens of value in relation to bonus and loyalty schemes; provision of financial information.
Class 37: Building construction; repair; installation services; installation, maintenance and repair of computer hardware; painting and decorating; cleaning services.
Class 38: Telecommunications services; chat room services; portal services; e-mail services; providing user access to the Internet; radio and television broadcasting.
Class 39: Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement; distribution of electricity; travel information; provision of car parking facilities.
Class 40: Treatment of materials; development, duplicating and printing of photographs; generation of electricity.
Class 41: Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities.
Class 42: Scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software; computer programming; installation, maintenance and repair of computer software; computer consultancy services; design, drawing and commissioned writing for the compilation of websites; creating, maintaining and hosting the websites of others; design services.
Class 43: Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation; restaurant, bar and catering services; provision of holiday accommodation; booking and reservation services for restaurants and holiday accommodation; retirement home services; creche services.
Class 44: Medical services; veterinary services; hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture and forestry services; dentistry services; medical analysis for the diagnosis and treatment of persons; pharmacy advice; garden design services.
Class 45: Legal services; conveyancing services; security services for the protection of property and individuals; social work services; consultancy services relating to health and safety; consultancy services relating to personal appearance; provision of personal tarot readings; dating services; funeral services and undertaking services; fire-fighting services; detective agency services.

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How Much Does it Cost to Register Your Trademark in Nigeria?

A Nigerian trademark is a device, brand, heading, label, ticket, name, signature, word, letter, numeral, or any combination thereof that is legally registered with the Trademarks, Patents and Designs Registry, Commercial Law Department, Federal Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment, as representing a company or product and distinguishing the source of goods from one party or company to those of others in the same line of business.

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